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Protective Orders

There are three types of California Protective Orders issued in domestic abuse cases. The first type of Protective Order is an Emergency Protective Order (EPO) issued at the time of the domestic violence arrest. The second type of Protective Order is a Stay Away Order issued at the first court appearance. The third type of Protective Order is a Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) issued by a Judge, Commissioner or other judicial officer in a civil proceeding separate from the domestic violence criminal case.

Emergency Protective Order

If you have been arrested for domestic battery, criminal threats, or stalking in California, you probably have been served with an Emergency Protective Order.

An Emergency Protective Order is issued by a Judge, Commissioner, or other judicial officer on the request of a police officer, sheriff's deputy or other law enforcement officer. The Emergency Protective Order restrains the arrested person from having contact or communication with the protected person. The Emergency Protective Order is valid for five (5) to seven (7) days from the date it is issued and is usually valid until the person arrested for domestic battery, criminal threats or stalking has first appeared in court at the Arraignment.

Stay Away Order

A Stay Away Order is issued at the Arraignment (first court appearance) on the domestic abuse charges. This Protective Order is valid while the court has jurisdiction over the criminal domestic battery case. If a person is convicted of domestic battery, domestic assault or a related charge such as criminal threats or stalking, the court will have jurisdiction over the person who has suffered an arrest for domestic violence until probation has been completed. Probation in a domestic abuse case typically lasts three (3) years from the date of conviction.

Temporary Restraining Order

A Temporary Restraining Order is a Protective Order requested by the person who has made a domestic abuse complaint. It is not necessary for a domestic battery, domestic assault, criminal threats or stalking report to have been made with the police. However, it is common for a person who has filed a police report to also seek a Temporary Restraining Order.

If the person accused of domestic abuse, criminal threats or stalking had been involved in a dating relationship with the complainant at any time in the past, a Domestic Violence Restraining Order may be sought. If the person accused of stalking had not been involved in a dating relationship at any time in the past, a No Harassment Order may be sought.

The burden is on the person complaining of domestic assault, stalking or harassment to establish entitlement to a Temporary Restraining Order. However, the burden is low and Judges and judicial officers will err on the side of granting the Temporary Restraining Order.

Experienced Domestic Violence Lawyer

The stakes are high in a California domestic violence case. A criminal conviction for domestic battery or criminal threats in California may result in jail, large fines, mandatory domestic violence counseling sessions which meet weekly for one year, mandatory alcohol education classes, personal conduct orders, stay away orders, temporary restraining orders, and other punishment. For that reason, it is critical that that a person charged with domestic assault, domestic battery, criminal threats or stalking have only a qualified domestic violence defense lawyer to handle the case from the earliest possible moment.

Robert Tayac is recognized as being among the top domestic violence lawyers in California and represents clients in criminal cases related to domestic violence, assault and battery, and applications for and responses to restraining orders. Attorneys, investigators and experts working with this highly specialized law office represent clients in the Northern California criminal courts located in San Francisco, San Mateo Marin, Alameda, Santa Clara, Contra Costa, Sonoma and Napa counties.

Additionally, lawyers of this law firm represent clients seeking or defending against temporary restraining orders and no harassment orders before the superior courts of San Francisco, San Rafael, Redwood City, South San Francisco, Napa, Oakland, Palo Alto, Walnut Creek, San Jose and Santa Rosa. The firm accepts only California domestic battery cases, California temporary restraining order actions or California driving under the influence cases.

Contact The Office

The stakes are high in a California domestic violence case. An arrest for domestic battery, domestic assault, criminal threats or stalking in California may result in actual jail, large fines, mandatory 52 week batterer's treatment program, mandatory alcohol education classes, and other punishment. For that reason, it is important that you have only a qualified California criminal defense lawyer handling your domestic violence case from the beginning. If you or someone you know has been or may be accused of domestic violence, we invite you to read the information contained in this website and welcome you to call our office and discuss your case with a domestic violence lawyer. If you prefer, you may submit a confidential case questionnaire which will be reviewed by a member of our firm and receive a prompt response.

If you hire Robert Tayac to handle your domestic violence case, you will know your case is being properly handled by a knowledgeable, experienced, and trustworthy California criminal defense lawyer.

Office Locations and Areas We Serve

Mr. Tayac represents clients who have been arrested in the following counties as well as other cities throughout California and can meet clients at one of several office locations in Northern California.


This website is about California’s domestic violence laws and the San Francisco and Bay Area courts. Domestic violence cases in California frequently must be fought. Many people arrested for domestic violence are innocent. A person doesn't have to commit a crime to be taken to jail by the police, especially in domestic abuse cases.

Why Choose Our Firm?

Attorney Robert Tayac Puts a Long, Decorated Career to Work for You
  • Puts Over 20 Years of Experience Toward Your Case

  • Has Trained Other Attorneys in San Francisco

  • Former San Francisco Police Officer & Police Inspector

  • Boasts a Successful Record Achieving the Best Result for His Clients

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